Countryside Landscape & Design has a Forestry division devoted to tree work. Pruning, dormant pruning, shrub shearing, clearing, tree removal and stump grinding are services that we offer.
Proper pruning will improve the health of your trees and shrubs, and aid in improving structure and long term health.
The 4 basic methods of tree pruning:
- Clean: Selective pruning to remove dead, dying, diseased, crossing, and/or broken branches. This type of pruning is done to reduce the risk of branches falling from the tree and to reduce the movement of decay, insects and diseases from dead or dying branches into the rest of the tree. Cleaning is the preferred pruning method for mature trees because it does not remove live branches unnecessarily.
- Thin: Selective pruning to reduce density of live branches at the edge of the crown, not the interior, which increases sunlight penetration and air movement.
- Raise: Selective pruning to provide vertical clearance. Raising the crown shortens or removes lower branches of a tree to provide clearance for buildings, signs, vehicles, pedestrians, and vistas.
- Reduce: Selective pruning to decrease height and/or spread. Not all tree and shrub species can tolerate reduction pruning, so the species and plant health should be considered prior to pruning.
Know when to prune! Spring flowering shrubs should be pruned immediately after blooming. Shrubs that bloom in summer and fall, and shrubs grown primarily for their foliage can be pruned in early spring, before growth starts.
Dormant (winter) pruning relies on the same principles of maintenance pruning except that the plant is pruned while dormant to reduce stress to the plant, reduces loss of sap and infection from plant pathogens. This seasonal pruning is often more aggressive, with larger cuts to create more vigorous growth in the spring, leading to a healthier shrub or tree.
- Deciduous plants produce woody growth and drop their leaves in the fall. With dormant pruning, the oldest branches are removed at ground level or from inside the plant to open it up and reduce size. Many shrubs flowering from new wood respond very well to dormant pruning, producing vigorous blooms.
- Evergreens are plants that retain their leaves or needles throughout the year. Needle-leaf evergreens do not respond well to pruning in general, while narrow-leaf and broadleaf evergreens are great candidates for dormant pruning (except rhododendrons, which will lose their bloom if dormant pruned). When pruning an evergreen, holes are created in the canopy to allow light to reach the internal branches, preventing the plant from becoming excessively woody, and possible weather damage.
Recommended time for Dormant Pruning occurs from late November through mid-March.
Shearing shrubs helps to contain their growth, giving a particular form and to maintain overall health. It involves removing the shrubs’ new growth. Shearing gives a formal, tailored shape, and is a good technique to employ for hedges used for privacy purposes.
In most cases, the decision of tree removal is as a last resort, when circumstances show it is necessary. Our arborists can help you decide if a tree should be removed and our professional crews have the skills and equipment to safely and efficiently remove trees.
Removal is recommended when the tree:
- Is dead or dying
- Is considered irreparably hazardous
- Is causing an obstruction that is impossible to correct through pruning.
- Is crowding and causing harm to other trees.
- Has root problems
- Storm damage
- Fungus or insect damage
Shrub protection from shedding show and ice. Countryside Landscape & Design can custom build these shelters to suit your needs.